Clemson Extension Forestry and Wildlife

Forestry Herbicide Series- Herbicide Basics

a woman using a backpack sprayer to apply a foliar herbicide.

Herbicides are an invaluable tool in forest management for controlling undesirable vegetation. To use them safely and effectively, one must understand a few basic principles. This article is the first in a series of articles on herbicides for forestry applications. To start, we will look at the basic principles one must understand to utilize herbicides. […]

Understanding Your Soil Test Report

Bag of All Purpose Fertilizer 10-10-10

In Extension, we often get calls about why someone’s food plot is not growing as expected. While there can be a host of reasons why this is the case, the first thing one should examine is the soil pH and soil fertility. If the soil pH is not at the correct level, nutrients can be bound […]

Invasive Species Spotlight Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

Figure 2. Tree-of-Heaven flowers Image Source: Jan Samanek, Phytosanitary Administration,

Take just a short drive down the road or interstate, and I bet you will have a good chance of seeing Tree-of-Heaven. In the last few years, I have really started to notice this tree along the sides of roads. I have also made numerous landowner visits where I have seen it on their property. […]

Smartphones, More Than Just a Communication Device for Forest Landowners

Though the first cell phone was released in the early 1990s, most of us probably did not go out and buy one right away. The majority of us probably did not get a smartphone until the early 2000s. It was not until Apple launched the first iPhone in 2007 that the smartphone world was set […]

Using Hack-and-Squirt Method to Control Undesirable Vegetation

Hack-and-squirt, sometimes referred to as frill-and-spray, is a herbicide application method that applies the herbicide into the stem (trunk) and is used to target specific undesirable trees. There is a slight variance between hack-and-squirt and frill-and-spray. Generally, hack-and-squirt refers to a cut or series of cuts around the trunk of the tree determined by tree […]