Clemson Extension Forestry and Wildlife

The Story of the Longleaf Ecosystem

tall longleaf pine trees in rows with understory grasses.

The Longleaf PineAmong the Southern pines, longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) has several key characteristics that have allowed it to grow on some of the harshest sites in the southeastern United States. One is its fire tolerance. Fire is a critical component of the longleaf pine ecosystem, and longleaf evolved with understory species, like the bunchgrasses, […]

Personal Protective Equipment for Chainsaw Users

orange chaps laying on the ground

In the first part of this series on chainsaw safety, Patrick Hiesl talked about the safety features of modern chainsaws ( Now, we are telling you about the personal protective equipment available to protect you from most major injuries. For chainsaw users, Personal Protective Equipment, or PPE, includes leg, foot, eye, hearing, face, and hand […]

How Your Forests Protect South Carolina Water

trees growing in a swamp

South Carolina is a diverse state, and the well-known slogan “from the mountains to the sea” reflects how varied the landscape is across the state’s 20 million acres. One feature that is common across all these landscapes is water. South Carolina has 36 rivers totaling almost 30,000 miles of waterways that can be found in […]

Pine Stand Thinning

Three-year-old planted lobolly pine exhibiting apical dominance.

Forest management practices are recommended for various reasons to meet landowner management objectives, including generating income, improving habitat for wildlife species, and, most importantly, maintaining a healthy, productive forest.  Properly timed thinnings in natural and planted pine stands will provide all these benefits. Thinnings are “intermediate cuttings that are aimed primarily at controlling the growth […]

Establishing, Maintaining, and Protecting Property Boundaries

Large PVC pipe driven in the ground over a corner iron. Photo credit: Janet Steele

The winter months are a good time of the year for landowners to ensure that their property boundaries are well maintained and adequately marked to prevent trespassing and poaching and ensure that management activities will not encroach on adjoining ownerships. Newly acquired property may need a survey to relocate property corners and mark property lines. […]

Pine Straw: Considerations for Production on Your Land

Pine straw box baler. Photo Credit: Ryan Bean, Clemson Extension

With spring weather and homeowners turning their focus to outdoor projects, pine straw sales are beginning to pick up quickly. Pine straw has become a favored mulch on residential and commercial sites. The qualities that make pine straw an essential part of a woodland ecosystem, such as moisture-holding capacity, protection for roots against temperature extremes, […]

Common Pine Bark Beetles in Urban Settings: Identification and Treatment of These Species

A comparison of sizes for pine bark beetles. Photo credit: Laura Costa, Southern Regional Extension Forestry

Forest landowners are often more familiar than homeowners about the pests that can attack their pine trees. Because of this, the phrase “bark beetle outbreak” can strike dread as they envision entire stands of pines being wiped out by aggressive, fast-moving insect infestations. Fortunately, appropriate forest management practices such as thinning can reduce the risk […]

Seedling Selection Guidelines for Forest Landowners

The selection of tree seedlings for reforestation or the conversion of open land to woodlands is often only done a few times over ownership of a property. Therefore, making sure that the right seedlings are purchased is a very important step in woodland management. The factors to consider when selecting seedlings are landowner objectives, soils […]

Women Changing the Face of Forestland Ownership

As reports of land management issues ranging from fires in Australia to urbanization in the southeast make their way into the news media, an equally impactful issue is facing family-owned forests here in South Carolina. Sixty-three percent of the state’s almost 13 million acres of forestland are private, family forests, the majority of which have […]